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DICTIONARY (N )

NAAMAN -- As a leper, captain in the army of the king of Damascus, his wife's little Jewish maid suggested that for him to be cured he go see Elisha. Elisha ordered him to bathe in the Jordan river seven times, obeying him he was healed. He asked permission to take some soil home to which he could build and altar to worship Jehovah, the God of the Israelites. II Kings 5:1 -- 27

NABAL -- He was a wealthy herdsman who refused to provide food for the desperate David and his army in the wilderness. He died ten days later, His wife Abigail offered secretly hospitality. I Sam 25

NABOTH -- King Ahab wanted to buy Naboth's vineyard which he was unwilling to sell, because it was an inheritance and would violate the law. Jezebel charged him with blasphemy and brought about his death by him being stoned. Elijah met Ahab when he was about to take possession of the property to pronounce his doom I Kings 21 ; II Kings 9

NADAB (1.) He was destroyed, along with his brother Abihu, for offering "strange fire" to God, he was Aaron' s oldest son. Lev 10:1-2
  (2.) He reigned about 910-909 BC as king of Israel, the son of Jeroboam I. Baasha succeeded him after he killed him I King 15:25-31

NAHASH -- David was befriended by this king of Ammon and attempted to return the favor to his son Hanun but was rejected II Sam 10:1-4

NAHBI -- He represented the tribe of Naphtali and was one of the twelve spies who scouted the land of Canaan. Num 13:14

NAHOR/NACHOR -- Father of Terah and the grandfather of Abraham Gen 11:22-25

NAHUM -- A later prophet to the people of Judah, Nahum like Jonah was concerned with the doom of Ninevah, the capital of the Assyrian Empire. He predicted its fall, with Zephaniah who prediction was about this capital city. No trace of the city was left after its fall in 607 B. C. The Minor Prophets in the Old Testament has his three-chapter book in them.

NAOMI -- Naomi was Elimelech's wife and mother of Chilion and Mahlon. The famine forced the family to leave Bethlehem and refuge in Moab. In Moab only the three women survived, Naomi, daughters-in-law, Ruth, and Orpah, with them loosing the three men. Naomi decided to return to Bethlehem, Ruth went with her and Orpah remained. Ruth 1 -- 4

NAHUM, BOOK OF -- In the Old Testament a short prophetic book that predicted the downfall of the pagan nation of Assyria Nahum 3:7-19 God is the sovereign Lord of history who has the final word in the conflict between evil and good. Nahum 1:1-15

NAIN -- Near the Sea of Galilee a village south of Nazareth, where a window's son was raised from the dead by Jesus Luke 7:11-17

NAIOTH -- David fled from King Saul from this place in Ramah and where Samuel lived and where his school for prophets was conducted. I Sam 19:18-20

NAME -- The title or word by which something or someone is known by. Adam gave names to all of the animals. Gen 2:20 Places and persons in the Bible often had symbolic names, such as the children of the prophets Isaiah Isa 8:3 and Hosea Hos 1:4

NAOMI -- Ruth's mother-in-law. Naomi moved to Moab to escape a famine after marrying Elimelech. With her husband and two sons died, leaving her and her two daughters-in-law alone. With Ruth she returned to Bethlehem and helped arrange Ruth's marriage to Boaz Ruth 1-4

NAPHTALI -- (1) The second son by Bilhah, Rachael's maid, and the sixth son of Jacob. He founded the tribe Naphtali. Judges 5 recorded the heroism of the men of this tribe in a decisive battle against he Canaanites. Genesis 30:8 ; 35:25 ; 46:24 ; 49:21

NAPHTUMIM (NAPTUHITES) -- Descendants of Mizraim, son of Ham, the inhabitants of central Egypt Gen 10:13 Naptuhites: NIV I Chron 1:11

NAPKIN (CLOTH) -- Used for wiping perspiration and other purposes Acts 19:12 A small piece of cloth or handkerchief Luke 19:20 Used for binding the face and head of the dead for burial a similar cloth was used. John 11:44 ; 20:7

NARCISSUS -- His household was greeted by Paul, A Christian in Rome Rom16:11

NATHAN (1.)

David's son by Bathsheba born after David had become King I Chron 3:5 Soloman's brother II Sam 5:14 An ancestor of Jesus as listed Luke 3:31

   
  (2)

David had a son with this name but this is a different Nathan, this Nathan was one of David's advisers and prophet. Because of David's sins concerning Bathsheba and his plot to kill Bathsheb's husband, Uriah II Sam 12:1-5 he was told that he was forbade to build the temple by Nathan. Adonijah's plot to seize the throne was discovered by Nathan, who actions saved the kingdom for Solomon, I Kings 1:8-45 who in appreciation Solomon appointed his sons to important offices. II Chronicles 9:29 states that Nathan wrote a history of David. The following also mentions Nathan, II Samuel 7 , 12 ; I Kings 1 ; I Chronicles 17

 

NATHANAEL -- The Apostle Bartholomew is called Nathanael only in John 1: 43 --51 and 21: 2

NATION (1.) Describing all the inhabitants of a country or the country itself Deut 4:34
  (2.) Natives of the same stock Acts 26:4
(3.) Denote the father or head of a tribe or clan
(4.) Refers to heathens or Gentiles Isa 9:1

NATURE -- A word which refers to the essence or disposition of man and to the physical universe, Gave man dominion over it Gen 1:1, 26-31 Corrupted nature Gen 3:12-19 God's divine nature II Pet 1:3-4

NAVE (RIM) -- Spokes were fitted into the hub or rim of a wheel I Kings 7:33

NAVEL -- A newborn child umbilical connection with its mother. Jerusalem's unfaithfulness and neglect was compared by Ezekiel with an untended newborn child whose navel cord had not been cut Ezek 16:1-4

NAZARENE (NAZOREAN) -- A inhabitant or native of the city of Nazareth. Jesus' hometown, so Jesus was referred to as a "Nazarene" Matt 2:23 Nazorean: NRSV Mark 1:23-24

NAZARETH -- The boyhood home of Jesus a small town located in the district of Galilee beside the plain of Esdraelon, fifteen miles southeast of Mt. Carmel. . Mark 1:24 After their flight into Egypt and it was save to do so Joseph, Mary and Jesus returned to Nazareth. At the beginning of His public ministry Jesus was rejected by the townspeople of Nazareth. Luke 4:16-30

NAZARITE (NAZIRITE) -- According to the law of the Nazarites a man or women especially consecrated to God Num 6:2 A Nazarite assumed strict religious vows, including abstaining from cutting their hair, and from strong drink. These vows may be for a fixed period or for life. Judg 13:4-7 Both Samuel I Sam 1:11 and John the Baptist Luke 1:15 were Nazarites

NEAPOLIS -- Paul landed on the second missionary journey at this seaport at Philippi Acts 16:11

NEBO (1.) The Babylonian god of knowledge and science. Possibly Mount Nebo was the center of Nebo worship. The vanity of such idols was declared by Isaiah Isa 46:1
   
(2.) Near Jericho the highest point of Mount Pisgah in Moab. After viewing the Promised Land Moses died and was buried here. Deut 32:49 ; 34:5-6

NEBUCHADNEZZAR/NEBUCHADREZZAR -- Nebuchadnezzar was the mighty monarch of Babylonia and / made his capital city of Babylon one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. His reign started in 604 B.C. and lasted for forty-three years. He duplicated the native mountainous region of his queen in the terraced Hanging Gardens. He made many expeditions to the west against Egypt and other nations, invading Judah and capturing Jerusalem, burning the temple. Taking captives back to Babylon several times and among the captives were Daniel and his three noble friends. His three friends Abednego, Meshach, and Shadrach were thrown into a fiery furnace when they refused to worship a golden image in the plain of Dura. God saved them. Daniel was later called upon to explain the king's dreams. For a period of time Nebuchadnezzar was of mental derangement before being restored and lived to praise and honor God. II Kings 24--25 ; II Chronicles 36:6-13 : Jeremiah 21 , 22 , 24 , 25 , 27--29 , 32 , 34 , 35 , 37 , 39 , 43 , 44 , 46 , 49-52 ; Daniel 1--4

NEBUZAR-ADAN -- During the Babylonian siege of Jerusalem an officer in Nebuchadnezzar's army II Kings 25:8-20 The prophet Jeremiah remained in Jerusalem after the siege and Nebuzar-adan looked after him. Jer 39:11-14, 40:1-5

NECK -- Stubbornness (stiff-necked) the word was used figuratively. Deut 9:6 Also used for or expressed the coming siege of Judah by Assyria Isa 8:8 It was also used to represent the burden which circumcision would place on Gentile Christians Acts 15:10

NECKLACE -- Worn around the neck, jewelry or an ornament. Symbolizing his appointment as governor of Egypt the placed a gold chain around Joseph's neck. Gen 41:41-43

NECROMANCER -- In an effort to foretell the future one who communicated with the dead I Sam 28:7-20 Mosaic law forbidden this practice. Deut 18:11

NEEDLE -- A tool that was used for sewing. Camel through the eye of a needle Matt 19:24

NEEDLEWORK -- Delicate sewing or embroidery used in embroidered robes and curtains used in the tabernacle. Exod 28:39; 36:37

NEGINAH/NEGINOTH -- May refer to stringed instruments the phrases in the titles of several psalms Ps 4, 6 , 54 , 55 , 61 , 67 , 76

NEHEMIAH -- He was the Persian King Artaxerxes I Cupbearer, an influential position. He lived in the Babylonian city of Susa. In 445 B.C. almost one hundred years after the first exile returned to Jerusalem reports reached Nehemiah that the temple had been rebuilt but the walls were still in reins. After appealing to Artaxerxes, Nehemiha was appointed as governor of Judah, and gave him letters of safe conduct, letters to the head of the king's forest to provide timber for the reconstruction. In 444 B.C. Nehemiah went to Jerusalem to organized the people to rebuilt the walls in fifty-two days. Then Nehemiah teamed with Ezra to rebuild Judah's faith by a series of reforms that was introduced. ( 1. ) Intermarriage with neighboring tribes was forbidden. ( 2. ) Enforcing the observance of forgotten festivals and the Sabbath. ( 3. ) The Tithe was renewed.

NEHEMIAH, BOOK OF -- In the Old Testament a historical book which recorded the rebuilding after the Babylonian Exile under the leadership of Nehemiah the Jerusalem's defensive wall Nehemiah1:1-7:73 Nehemiah and Ezra religious reforms were recorded and the people to renew the covenant and recommit to themselves to God's law. Nehemiah, 8:1-13:31

NEHILOTH -- Probably denoting the flute a wind instrument, a musical term in the title of Ps 5

NEHUSHTAN -- Worshiped by the Israelites in the wilderness a bronze serpent II Kings 18:4

NEIGHBOR -- A fellow human being. " Rom 13: 9-10 ; Eph 4:25 to the people of their own nation, indicates all people are neighbors Luke 10:25-37

NEPHEG -- Born in Jerusalem a son of David after David became king II Sam 5:13-15

NEPHEW -- A grandson term for. Judg 12:14 or other male relative Job 18:19 Abraham and Lot were true nephews Gen 11:27

NEREUS -- The apostle Paul sent greetings to this Christian at Rome Rom 16:15

NERGAL -- The men of Cuth worshiped this Babylonian god of war. II Kings 17:30 King Shalmaneser of Assyria placed throughout Israel the images of Nergal II Kings 17:24, 30

NERGAL-SHAREZER -- During the capture of Jerusalem a Babylonian prince of King Nebuchadnezzar's court. Jer 39:1-3 When Jeremiah was released from prison He helped Jer 39:13-14

NERO -- Reigned from A.D. 54-56 The fifth emperor of Rome. who persecuted Christians severely. He is probably the emperor under whom Peter and Paul were martyred although he is not name in the bible. Had many Christians put to death during his administration and blamed the great fire of A.D. 64 of Rome on the Christians.

NEST -- The Bird's dwelling place. The foolishness of man's pride is demonstrated by the loftiness of the eagle's nest. Jer 49:16 ; Obad 4

NET -- Used to capture fish or birds a meshed fabric. Also figuratively used for entrapment of the innocent and for winning others to Christ Matt 4:18

NETHANEEL (NETHANEL) -- When the ark of the covenant was transported to Jerusalem a priest who helped. I Chron 15:24

NETHER, NETHERMOST -- The lowest or lower part. To receive a message from God the children of Israel assembled on the nether part of Mt. Sinai Exod 19:17

NETHINIM (TEMPLE SERVANTS) -- To the priests in temple service persons assigned to do menial work as assistants. AS slaves or captives of war the Nethinim were assigned to the Levites Ezra 8:17-20

NETTLE -- A shrub with prickly briars. Prov 24:31 This shrub could possibly be a variety of acanthus which grew near the Mediterranean Sea Isa 34:13

NETWORK -- On the altar of burnt offering in the tabernacle the brass grate or grid Exod 27:4

NEW BIRTH -- A state of resurrection or regeneration from spiritual death Rom 6:4-8 Regeneration comes from the Holy Spirit John 3:5-8 who produces a changed person. Faith in Christ rather than through good works or one's own efforts. Eph 2:8-9 Regeneration helps the believer to lead a victorious life and overcome the world. I John 5:4-5 To enter the kingdom of God a new birth is required John 3:3-7

NEW COVENTANT -- The bible has many coventants but the new coventant was symbolized by Jesus at the Passover meal with His disciples. Prophesied by the the prophet Jeremiah Jer 31:31-34 Jesus called the cup the "new covenant in my blood" Luke 22:20 assures our eternal inheritance Heb 8:6 ; 9:11-15

NEW TESTAMENT -- Composed of twenty seven books: to magnify the coming of the Messiah land His redemptive ministry of grace Jer 31:31-34 ; Heb 9:15 The Synod of Carthage in A.D. 397 was formally adopted in its current form.

NIBHAZ -- An idol of the Avites and the name means "barker" and was in the form of a dog-headed man. The Avites were a displaced Assyrian tribe that settled in Samaria II Kings 17:31

NICANOR -- Chosen as "deacons" in the church at Jerusalem, one of the seven men Acts 6:1-5

NICODEMUS -- He was a member of the Sanhedrin and a Pharisee. He is only mention by the evangelist John, Three times, ( 1. ) his secret meeting at night with Jesus ( 2. ) raising a point of order at the meeting of the Sanhedrin ( 3. ) helping Joseph of Arimathaea with Jesus' burial. John 3:1-7 ; 7:50-51

NICOLAITANES (NICOLAITANS) -- The origin of this early Christian sect is unknown. Being compared to those of Balaam their idolatrous practices were abhorrent to God Rev 2:14 Commended for not tolerating the Nicolaitanes the church at Ephesus. Rev 2:6 Rebuked for its openness to their teachings was the church at Pergamous. Rev 2:15

NICLOAS (NICOLAUS) -- In the church at Jerusalem a person of Greek background who was one of the seven men chosen as "deacons" Acts 6:1-5

NICOPOLIS -- Paul spent the winter in this city probably in northern Greece Titus 3:12

NIGHT -- The period when darkness prevails of the day. Night along with the daylight hours were established by the Creator. Gen 1:5 To denote death the word is figuratively used John 9:4 or sin I Thess 5:5

NIGHT HAWK (SCREECH OWL)-- Probably an owl or other night bird and was considered to be an unclean bird. Lev 11:13-16 ; Deut 14:15

NILE RIVER -- Egypt's great river running more than 4,000 miles begins in Africa running across Africa and Egypt, emptying finally into the Mediterranean Sea. Egypt's fertility depended on the annual overflow of the Nile in the Bible times. Isa 23:10 Hidden in the tall grass at the river edge was the baby Moses. Exod 2:3

NIMROD -- Cush's son and the grandson of Ham. A skilled warrior and hunter he became a empire builder in Babylonia or Shinar and a powerful king Gen 10:8-12 ; I Chron 1:8-10

NINEVEH/NINEVE -- Founded by Asshur, a son of Shem, Nineveh the capital of Assyraia on the Tigris River where the prophet Jonah preached God's message of judgment. During Jonah's time Nineveh reached the height of wealth and splendor . John 3:3 Medes took it about 750 B.C. and then destroyed by the Medes and Babylonia about 606 B.C. Nineue: Luke 11:32

NISROCH -- About 698 B.C. An Assyrian god with a temple at Nineveh where King Sennacherib was killed. A human body with an eagle's head it was believed to been. II Kings 19:36-37

NITRE (SODA, LYE) -- Used as a cleaning agent a mineral, sodium or lye probably Jer 2:22

NO (THEBES) -- Served as the capital of upper Egypt a thriving Egyptian city on both sides of the Nile River Nah 3:8 Jeremiah predicted its destruction and it was destroyed in 81 B.C. Jer 46:25

NOADIAH -- A prophetess who hinder Nehemiah efforts to rebuild the wall of Jerusalem and tried to frighten him Neh 6:14

NOAH/NOE -- He is the hero of the story of the flood when he was instructed by God to build an ark according to God's specifications and to take in it, his wife, his three sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth and their wives, male and female of all living creature. When the waters subsided the ark came to rest on the mounties of Ararat in what is now Armenia. Noah built an altar to offer a sacrifice to God, and God set a rainbow in the sky as a sign of His covenant with man that He would not destroy the world again with water. Genesis 5:29 -- 10:32

NOB -- David fled to escape King Saul's wrath I Sam 21:1-6 in this Levitical city near Jerusalem Isa 10:32 Eight-five priests here were ordered to be slaughter by Saul in retaliation for their kindness to David I Sam 22:13-19

NOBLEMAN (ROYAL OFFICIAL) -- A person of privileged position or high rank. A nobleman who son was seriously ill sought Jesus to heal him John 4:46-54

NOD -- Cain lived in this unknown region east of Eden after murdering his brother Abel Gen 4:16-17 Some scholars believe it may of been China

NOGAH -- David's son born in Jerusalem after David became king I Chron 3:7 ; 14:6

NOMADS -- Herdsman or tent dwellers with their flocks moved from one grazing ground to another. Gen 13:5-7 For forty years the children of Israel led a nomadic life in the wilderness. Num 14:2

NOPH (MEMPHIS) -- The Egyptians' ancient royal city Jer 46:19 On the west bank of the Nile River about thirteen miles south of modern Cairo from about 3000 to 2200 B.C. The famous Spinx and many of the royal pyramids are located near this ancient city site.

NOSE JEWELS -- Worn in the nose as ornaments Jeweled rings II Kings 19:28

NOSE, NOSTRILS -- Worn in the nose as ornaments Jeweled rings II Kings 19:28

NOVICE (RECENT CONVERT) -- When God created man God breathed life into his nostrils Gen 2:7 Figuratively used in God's power when he parted the Red Sea for the Israelites Exod 15:8

NUMBERS, BOOK OF -- An Old Testament book which focused on the Israelites in the Sinai's wilderness. From their departure from Egypt and their occupation of Canaan was forty years. Numbering of the people in two separate censuses Num 1-54 ; 26:1-51 Chapter 13 their numerous rebellions and complaints in the wilderness Chapter 15:1-25:18 and their final preparation for entering the land of Promise 26:1-36:16

NUN (1.) Used as a heading over Ps 119:105-112 the fourteenth letter of the Hebrew alphabet.
  (2.) An Ephraimite servant of Moses and Joshua's father who helped lead the Israelites across the Jordan River into the Promised Land Josh 1:1-2
 

NURSE -- A woman servant who helped rear the child or who breast-fed an infant. Rebecca's nurse, Deborah accompanied the family to Canaan Gen 24:59 ; 35:8

NUZI TABLETS -- In present-day Iraq on the site of the ancient city of Nuzi discovered during the 1920s significance discovered clay tablets of archaeological significance. From about the time of Abraham 2200 B.C. these tablets describe life in ancient Mesopotamia listing goods, produced, items traded, and other details of everyday life. Not mentioned in the bible is the city of Nuzi

NYMPHAS (NYMPHA) -- Paul sent greetings to this Christian of Laodicea. Col 4:15