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Matthew 28



1 IN the end of the sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week, came Mary Magdalene and the other Mary to see the sepulchre.
2 And, behold, there was a great earthquake: for the angel of the Lord descended from heaven, and came and rolled back the stone from the door, and sat upon it.
3 His countenance was like lightning, and his raiment white as snow:
4 And for fear of him the keepers did shake, and became as dead men.
5 And the angel answered and said unto the women, Fear not ye: for I know that ye seek Jesus, which was crucified.
6 He is not here: for he is risen, as he said. Come, see the place where the Lord lay.
7 And go quickly, and tell his disciples that he is risen from the dead; and, behold, he goeth before you into Galilee; there shall ye see him: lo, I have told you.
8 And they departed quickly from the sepulchre with fear and great joy; and did run to bring his disciples word.
9 And as they went to tell his disciples, behold, Jesus met them, saying, All hail. And they came and held him by the feet, and worshipped him.
10 Then said Jesus unto them, Be not afraid: go tell my brethren that they go into Galilee, and there shall they see me.
11 Now when they were going, behold, some of the watch came into the city, and shewed unto the chief priests all the things that were done.
12 And when they were assembled with the elders, and had taken counsel, they gave large money unto the soldiers,
13 Saying, Say ye, His disciples came by night, and stole him away while we slept.
14 And if this come to the governor’s ears, we will persuade him, and secure you.
15 So they took the money, and did as they were taught: and this saying is commonly reported among the Jews until this day.


16 Then the eleven disciples went away into Galilee, into a mountain where Jesus had appointed them.
17 And when they saw him, they worshipped him: but some doubted.
18 And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.
19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:
20 Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen.

1In the ende of the Sabbath, as it began to dawne towards the first day of the weeke, came Mary Magdalene, and the other Mary, to see the sepulchre.

2And behold, there was a great earthquake, for the Angel of the Lord descended from heauen, and came and rolled backe the stone from the doore, and sate vpon it.

3His countenance was like lightning, and his raiment white as snowe.

4And for feare of him, the keepers did shake, and became as dead men.

5And the Angel answered, and said vnto the women, Feare not ye: for I know that ye seeke Iesus, which was crucified.

6He is not here: for he is risen, as hee said: Come, see the place where the Lord lay.

7And goe quickly, and tell his disciples that he is risen from the dead. And behold, hee goeth before you into Galilee, there shall ye see him: loe, I haue told you.

8And they departed quickly from the sepulchre, with feare and great ioy, and did run to bring his disciples word.

9 And as they went to tell his disciples, behold, Iesus met them, saying, All haile. And they came, and held him by the feet, and worshipped him.

10Then said Iesus vnto them, Be not afraid: Goe tell my brethren that they goe into Galilee, and there shall they see me.

11 Now when they were going, behold, some of the watch came into the citie, and shewed vnto the chiefe Priests all the things that were done.

12And when they were assembled with the Elders, and had taken counsell, they gaue large money vnto the souldiers,

13Saying, Say ye, His disciples came by night, and stole him away while we slept.

14And if this come to the gouernours eares, wee will perswade him, and secure you.

15So they tooke the money, and did as they were taught. And this saying is commonly reported among the Iewes vntill this day.

16 Then the eleuen disciples went away into Galilee, into a mountaine where Iesus had appointed them.

17And when they saw him, they worshipped him: but some doubted.

18And Iesus came, and spake vnto them, saying, All power is giuen vnto me in heauen and in earth.

19 Goe ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the Name of the Father, and of the Sonne, and of the holy Ghost:

20 Teaching them to obserue all things, whatsoeuer I haue commanded you: and loe, I am with you alway, euen vnto the end of the world. Amen.

I == Matt 27:56 ; Mark 16:1 ; Luke 24:1 ; John 20:1



II == Mark 16:5 ; Luke 24:4 ; John 20:12




III == Dan 10:6






VI == Matt 12:40 ; 16:21 ; 17 :23 ; 20:19


VII == Matt 26:32 ; Mark 16:7






IX == Mark 16:9 ; John 20:14


X == John 20:17 ; Rom 8:29 ; Heb 2:11














XVI == Matt 26:32 ; 28:7




XVIII == Matt 11:27 ; 16:28 ; Luke 1:32 ; 10:22 ; John 3:35 ; 5:22 ; 13:3 ; 17:2 ; Acts 2:36 ; Phil 2:9-10 ; Rev 17:14

XIX == Mark 16:15 ; Luke 24:47 ; Acts 2:38-39


XX == Acts 2:42

1 After the sabbath, as the first day of the week was dawning, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary came to see the tomb. 2 And behold, there was a great earthquake; for an angel of the Lord descended from heaven, approached, rolled back the stone, and sat upon it. 3 His appearance was like lightning and his clothing was white as snow. 4 The guards were shaken with fear of him and became like dead men. 5 Then the angel said to the women in reply, "Do not be afraid! I know that you are seeking Jesus the crucified. 6 He is not here, for he has been raised just as he said. Come and see the place where he lay. 7 Then go quickly and tell his disciples, 'He has been raised from the dead, and he is going before you to Galilee; there you will see him.' Behold, I have told you." 8 Then they went away quickly from the tomb, fearful yet overjoyed, and ran to announce this to his disciples. 9 And behold, Jesus met them on their way and greeted them. They approached, embraced his feet, and did him homage. 10 Then Jesus said to them, "Do not be afraid. Go tell my brothers to go to Galilee, and there they will see me." 11 While they were going, some of the guard went into the city and told the chief priests all that had happened. 12 They assembled with the elders and took counsel; then they gave a large sum of money to the soldiers, 13 telling them, "You are to say, 'His disciples came by night and stole him while we were asleep.' 14 And if this gets to the ears of the governor, we will satisfy (him) and keep you out of trouble." 15 The soldiers took the money and did as they were instructed. And this story has circulated among the Jews to the present (day). 16 The eleven disciples went to Galilee, to the mountain to which Jesus had ordered them. 17 When they saw him, they worshiped, but they doubted. 18 Then Jesus approached and said to them, "All power in heaven and on earth has been given to me. 19 Go, therefore, and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the holy Spirit, 20 teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you. And behold, I am with you always, until the end of the age."





Told in all four Gospels: Mark 16:1-8 Luke 24:1-11 John 20:1-3 The women was thinking of Jesus to prepare Him for burial, No thought of Jesus be risen because they had all the spices to complete the embalming of His body. Mary Magdalene in all four, Mary, mother of James and Jose's, called also "the other Mary" in Matthew, Mark, and Luke, Salome, mother of James and John in Mark, Joanna, wife of Herod's steward in Luke. Other women in Luke.

Their various lodging-places, in Bethany or Jerusalem, was probably 1 to 2 miles or more distant. Variant notes refer to the time mean, evidently that they started while it was yet dark, and reached the tomb about sunrise. This is from Matthew, "As it began to dawn"; In Mark, "Very early, when the sun was risen"; In Luke, "At early dawn" ; In John "While it was yet dark"

It was a triumphant moment in the annals of heaven. {Angels will have charge of the general resurrection (Matthew 24:31, see note on "Angels" under Matthew 4:11) { 1 } In the four gospels you have "An angel" (Matthew) "A young man" (Mark) "Two Men" (Luke) "Two Angel" (John) The different expressions just let you know that one to two angle in human form greed ed the women and led them into the tomb.




FIRST DAY OF THE WEEK : Sunday the day after the Jewish Sabbath. The early Christians called it the "Lord's Day" (Rev 1:10) and designated it a day for sacred assembly, Eucharistic worship, payer to comment-orate Christ's resurrection ( Acts 20:7)

At the same time as the quake, an angel rolled the stone away from the tomb to show that Jesus had risen. The angel appeared white as snow in such dazzling brightness that the soldiers shook in fear and fainted. After their initial fright, the soldiers decided to leave and leaders reported to the priests what happened. No conversation with any of those coming to the grave is recorded, so the soldiers may or may not have been gone before any of the women arrived. Though Jesus was dead, they could be put to death for allowing their ” prisoner” to escape. The chief priests and elders devised a plan to pay them a lot of money to say disciples stole Jesus away while they slept. That was also a serious offense, but the priests would buy off the officials if there was a problem. For a long time it was reported among the Jews that was what happened, but it defies common sense. Justin Martyr says this report was sent by the Jews to every country. The Sabbath was from sunset to sunset. But in common usage as here "as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week". it extended into the night. A great Earthquake; Jesus used them many times to call attention to momentous events, Jesus expired on the cross Matthew 27:51 Giving of the law on Mt Sinai Exodus 19:16, 18

Critics of resurrection can be refuted with Scripture:
False Theory Answer 
Wrong tomb Jn. 20:5-7,12, Eye witnesses
Swoon Jn. 19:33-35, Blood and water satisfied officials
Vision Jn. 20:13-28, Several personal contacts
Pious Fiction Jn. 20:28, Words of Christ Himself

Mary Magdalene was so anxious she ran on ahead. The angel had apparently withdrawn temporarily, and seeing the stone rolled away she panicked and ran to tell Peter and John that someone had taken the Lord out of the sepulcher and she didn’t know where they had laid Him. At that, Peter and John left her and raced for the tomb.
Before they arrived, the other women had come and met the angel in his shining garments, then bowed to the ground in fear. He knew the women looked for Jesus and told them not to be afraid, but chided them for seeking the living among the dead. He reminded them that Jesus had told them in Galilee that He would be delivered into the hands of sinful men, be crucified and rise again. Then they remembered His words. At that they were told that Jesus had risen, and to come see the place He had lain. As the stone was already rolled away, they entered and saw an angel that appeared like a young man in a long white garment sitting on the right side. They were to go tell the disciples, specifically Peter, that Jesus had risen, and He would see them in Galilee. They fled in fear, and at first would not say anything to anyone. John outran Peter to the tomb, and stooping down, he looked in and saw the linen clothes lying. Peter dashed right in and saw the linen cloth collapsed without the body in it, and the head piece above it by itself in folds, just as it had been wrapped about the head of Jesus
of Jn. 10:27, “My sheep hear my voice”. She was about to touch Him, but He told her not to because He had not yet ascended to the Father. Specifically stated, to His Father and her Father, to His God and her God. He probably just disappeared, and she went to tell the disciples what had happened.
(Not touch. She was about to cling to Him and not let Him go. She would have more opportunity to see Him before He ascended, so now it was more important for her to tell the other disciples.)

( II. ) The other women, meanwhile, finally got up courage to do as bidden, and ran with joy to tell the other disciples. On their way to the disciples, Jesus met them saying “All hail” (a joyful greeting), and they held Him by the feet, worshiping Him. Jesus also told them not to be afraid, but go tell the brethren they would see Him in Galilee. The apostles and others thought the women were over emotional, speaking nonsense, and didn’t believe them.

View 1. Jesus was a High Priest fulfilling the Day of Atonement as in Lev. 16. He had completed the sacrifice and was on His way to present the sacred blood in heaven. Only because of Mary’s deep grief and devotion did He stop to speak to her first. After speaking to her, He ascended to heaven and returned to talk to the other women. Then they were free to touch Him. This view seems true to type and has some sound supporters, but have a couple of major problems. His blood was offered at Calvary, so what need to be brought to a heavenly altar. Also, Jesus would have had time to ascend to heaven and return even before any of the people arrived at the tomb, and would have had no need to interrupt any of His presumed high priestly duties.

View 2. Some think He just meant not to detain Him at the moment, He would see them all before He ascended, but that is inconsistent with the other women.
View 3. Probably best is that He meant, “Stop clinging to me”. “Touch” is used several ways in Scripture, and in the case of the hemorrhaging woman, Mk 14:36, it was simply to touch. Here it probably has the sense of clinging. She had lost Him once and was not about to let Him go again. He was emphasizing a new relationship. She was not to try to keep Him on earth, but to become His messenger. In contrast, the women in Mt. 28:9 seized and held Jesus feet with as much strength of force, but not with the personal emotion, intensity of Mary. Their object was holding Him in worship. Part of view 2 could be involved in this.
(This far Mark 16:1-8. Lk. 24:1-12, and John 20:1-18. The account of Mary with Jesus is told only in John. Soldiers bribed are told only in Matthew.)

( III. ) Peter, Lk 24:34; 1 Cor. 15:5 had a visit from Jesus, perhaps in the afternoon, That evening the eleven gathered gave this report to the two Emma-us disciples.
( IV. ) The Emma-us disciples, Lk. 24:13-32; Mk. 16:12,13, were walking home late in the afternoon when Jesus joined them. They did not recognize Him, and he feigned ignorance of what had happened the last three days, to the surprise of Cleopas. They told Him of the condemnation, crucifixion, their hope He was the Messiah, and the report of the women. Jesus explained the Scriptures concerning Himself, but they still did not understand until He came into their home and broke bread with them. As soon as they recognized Him as Jesus and Messiah, He vanished, and they realized their conviction on the road. They immediately walked the 7.5 miles back to Jerusalem, told the others, and were told the Lord had risen and appeared to Peter. 

( V. ) The eleven except Thomas, Mk. 16:14; Lk. 24:33-49; Jn. 20:19-23, were gathered eating in Jerusalem Sunday evening behind locked doors for fear of the Jews, (Emma-us disciples and others were present) and Jesus suddenly appeared in their midst and pronounced peace. They thought they saw a ghost, so He told them not to be afraid and showed them His hands and his feet. This gave them joy, but they still didn’t believe until He asked for food, with the explanation that a spirit didn’t have flesh and bones like He had, and He ate some broiled fish and honeycomb before them. He again pronounced peace and decommissioned the 10 disciples, but breathed on all others present, imparting the Holy Spirit. This was a creative act; just as He breathed and created life in Adam, Gen. 2:7, He breathed into them spiritual quickening and all believers would soon become a new creation, Eph. 2:8-10. This act was a limited preliminary to the out pouring of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost, like a down payment on a house. They could not forgive sins, but could announce the Scriptural terms on which people could be forgiven, or that they were not forgiven if they rejected. Compare discerning of sin in Ananias and Sapphira.

VI. ) Thomas present with the other disciples Jn. 20:24-29. He had not believed their report and said he wouldn’t believe unless he
saw and put his fingers into the nail prints in Jesus’ hands and feet and put his hand into the sword wound in His side. Jesus appeared the next Sunday night and told Thomas to feel his nail prints and side, and believe, but he had the faith to believe just by seeing, saying “my Lord and my God”. Jesus took note and did not rebuke Thomas, but added blessing for those who would not see but still believe, like those of us today. Disciples needed to learn to accept the word of eye witnesses. We need to accept the
word of the eye witnesses as recorded in the Word of God.

(John 20:30,31 expresses multiple signs not recorded, but the things written are so we can believe that Jesus is Christ, Son of God, and have life in Him by believing.)
VII. ) Seven disciples beside the Sea of Galilee, John 21.
John 21 has a full explanation of this and completion of John.
VIII. )  The eleven and others 
The Great Commission in Matthew, Mark and Luke: Matthew 28:16-20. Matthew did not record the first two visits to the disciples or to the seven at the sea, but this is some time later. The mountain where Jesus told them to meet is not named. Perhaps others had joined the eleven. At one point 500 were gathered at once. Considering the doubts of Thomas and the others at first, it is understandable why some would have doubt, v 17. They did not doubt the resurrection, but some wondered if this was really Jesus with them. He expelled their doubts, telling them that all authority had been given to Him. On the basis of that authority, He gave the great commission, the challenge to all of us, to go to all, teach, baptize and disciple them. To keep reminded of the Trinity, baptism is to be in the name of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit. Jesus’ promise is to be with us always, not physically but His spiritual presence.
Mark 16:16 does not imply baptism is necessary for salvation, but it is expected of believers to be baptized. Baptism has no part in those who are damned, but lack of belief. Mk. 16:17&18 list five supernatural events that could authenticate the faith of the early believers. It is not normal for those to be present after the apostolic age. Some had already cast out demons. New tongues were intelligible foreign languages not known to them, which eliminated the need for an interpreter. If they were forced to pick up snakes or drink poison they would not be harmed, but this does not approve snake handlers. God still heals in answer to prayer, but the general healing ministry declined, Paul’s thorn in the flesh was not healed, and he left Trophimus at Miletus, sick.

Luke 24:44-48. Either this portion was spoken to the disciples the first time risen Jesus appeared before them all, or Luke chose to insert it just before the ascension. To the two on the road to Emmaus, Jesus told the Scriptures concerning Himself. To these, He opens their understanding to the Scriptures He had previously taught, so they knew it was necessary for Him to suffer and rise the third day. Because of that, they could preach repentance and forgiveness of sins to all nations. The starting point of their witnessing was to be at Jerusalem, working out to all parts of the world, Acts 1:8. The Ascension is in Mark and Luke. (Matthew does not record this.) Luke 24:49-53. Jesus told them to tarry in Jerusalem until they received the Holy Spirit. He did not command prayer, as that was not a condition for receiving the Holy Spirit. Certainly they must have prayed, but the command was to stay together. If they had not, they could not have fulfilled the command of Acts. 1:8. He took them to the vicinity of Bethany, the Mount of Olives, and Acts 1:12, for the ascension. While He was blessing them He ascended, and they worshiped Him. Acts 1:9-11 gives details of the angels telling them to stop looking up, but return to Jerusalem. They returned with joy and praised God in the temple daily. Mk. 16:19.20 adds Jesus is at the right hand of God. They did preach, and confirmed the message with the signs of Mk. 16:17, 18.

The incidents are not told to us in any order or in any arrangement in the four Gospels.

The tomb was close by so they used it because of the Jewish day of Preparation John 19:41-42

No one was expecting Jesus to rise; they were all going to the tomb to complete the embalming of Jesus’ body for His permanent burial.  As the scene takes place you would have several different groups of disciples, lodging at different places, Jerusalem or Bethany or both being just a mile or two from the tomb,  all going to the tomb in their different groups and going at different times, and different routes, starting around the first break of dawn.

In 1881 General Christian Gordon found west of the “Skull Hill”, where Jesus was crucified a garden. In this garden he found a tomb; that was cut into a wall of solid rock with a trench in front of it. In this trench was a round stone that had been used for the door. The tomb was a room 14 feet wide; 10 feet deep; and 7 and ½ feet high.   

Mary Magdalene came to the tomb early while it was still dark just before the first break of dawn. The first thing she would have seen; was the round stone used for the door had been rolled away from the tomb. It isn’t said how she expended to move the stone used for the door.
Mary ran to Simon Peter and the other disciples.  John 20:2
Peter with others disciples went to the tomb. John 20:3

v 1-15. While it was still dark Sunday morning, Mary Magdalene, Salome and Mary the mother of James, Joanna and others were bringing sweet spices to the tomb to anoint Jesus’ body when an earthquake hit. They proceeded, wondering how they would roll away the stone from the tomb.

V 6 HE HAS RISEN, AS HE SAID: Six times Jesus predicted his resurrection in Matthew. ( 12:40 16:21 17:9 17:23 20:19 26:32 ) Christian faith is the miraculous fact of Jesus' resurrection. It provides the ultimate proof of Jesus' divinity (JN 10:17-18) The event is a glorification of his humanity, body, and soul. Not a mere resuscitation of Jesus' body before the last Judgment Christ's resurrection anticipate the general resurrection of all people. (Jn 5:28-29 1st Cor 15:20-24 Rev 1:5)

V 18 ALL AUTHORITY: The father gives Jesus full dominion over creation (Dan 7:13-14 Eph 1:19-22) Jesus confers or pass on his authority on to the apostles to preach the gospel and make disciples (27:19) as witness to his resurrection (LK 10:16 Act 2:32 Mt 24:30)

V 19 GO THEREFORE: God's covenant oath to Abraham is fulfilled with Christ's commission to evangelize and catechize the world. To evangelizing all nation is not winning individuals but winning nations so all mankind follows Jesus.

V 20 I AM WITH YOU ALWAYS: Isaiah's prophetic name for the Messiah "Emmanuel ... God with us" (1:23) Christ's ongoing presence in the church is both Eucharistic (26:26-28) and Ecclesiastes (18:20)

The other disciples outran Peter to the tomb and went in and saw the linen cloth but no body of Jesus.  John 20:4
Coming to the empty tomb and seeing angles, they went into a kind of shock, excitement, and unbelief when they were told that Jesus was no longer there but had risen. As they raced to tell the tell others of what they had seen they became more joyful, fearful, anxiety, wonder and bewilderment.
The guards that had been placed at the tomb to guard it would have seen the angles moving the stone or just the stone moving and possibility saw the angles folding the shroud or just saw the shroud neatly folding itself. This sent the guards into a panic and they fled to report it to the high Priest.  Many would say why Jesus didn’t move it Himself. Jesus’ is the King of Kings and no King would serve Himself. The story of someone stealing the body? Grave robbers would not have stolen the body that was worthless, and leave the Shroud which was worth something.




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