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Dictionary G

GAASH, MOUNT -- In the Hill country of Ephraim a mountain where Joshua was buried Josh 24:30

GABRIEL -- An archangel who appeared to the Virgin Mary Luke 1:26, Zacharias Luke 1:18-19 and Daniel Dan 8:16

GAD -- Gad was the first son of Zilpah, Leah's maid, and the seventh son of Jacob. Asher was his full brother and the two of them gave their names to one of the tribes of Israel. Genesis 30:11 ; 35:26 ; 46:16 ; 49:19

GADARA -- About six miles southeast of the Sea of Galilee a Greek city. Gadara was the capital city of the Roman province of Perea in the New Testament time.

GADARENES/GERGESENES -- Jesus healed a man in this area who was wild, demon-possessed, people from the area of Gadara in Peria Mark 5:1-20 Gergesenes Matt 8:28

GADDI -- Representing the tribe of Menasseh one of the twelve spies who scouted the land of Canaan. Num 13:11

GADDIEL -- Representing the tribe of Zebulun One of the twelve spies who scouted the land of Canaan, Num 13:10

GAIUS (1) A Macedonian and who was a companion of Pauls Acts 19:29
  (2) A man of Derbe and who was a companion of Pauls Acts 20:4
(3) Under Paul's ministry this Corinthian was baptized 1st Cor 1:14
(4)   John addressed his third letter to this person 3 John 1 , 5

GALATIA -- Paul visited this territory of central Asia Minor during his first missionary journey, The territory contained several cities, all located in southern Galatia, Antioch of Pisidia, Derbe, Iconium, and Lystra Acts 13-14 Paul's letter to the Galatians Gal 1:1-2 was apparently addressed to people in churches in these cities or around these cities.

GALATIANS, EPISTLE TO THE -- Apostle Paul short epistle to the churches at Galatia on the themes of justification by faith alone and Christian liberty. (1.) defense of Paul's apostleship and the gospel Chaps 1-2 (2.) Paul's argument that salvation comes by God's grace through faith, not through obeying the law Chap 3-4 (3.) The practical dimension of one's faith living in obedience to God and in harmony with others Chaps 5-6

GALBANUM -- Used to produce sacred incense, a gum from a plant and the incense was burned at the altar. Exod 30:34

GALILEAN -- A person who came from the province of Galilee. Except Judas all of Jesus' disciples were Galileans. Because of his distinct accent Peter was recognized as a Galilean Mark 14:70

GALILEE (GALILEE OF THE GENTILES) -- Jesus spent most of His earthly ministry in this Roman province in northern Palestine Mark 3:7

GALILEE, SEA OF/SEA OF CHINNEROTH/LAKE OF GENNESARET/SEA OF TIBERIAS -- A freshwater lake that took its name from the surrounding Roman province. It is about fourteen miles long and seven miles wide. It is fed by the Jordan River, providing the livelihood for many commercial fishermen, James, John, Peter, and Andre Mark 1:16-20 Caught in a boat in a sudden storm Jesus calmed the waters on this lake Mark 4:35-41 Sea of Chinneroth Josh 12:3 Lake of Gennesaret Luke 5:1 Sea of Tiberias John 21:1

GALL -- Jesus was offered a drink containing gall on the cross, He refused it, Used to make a pain-killing substance, a bitter, poisonous herb Matt 27:34

GALLIO -- During the dispute between Paul and the Jewish leaders in Corinth the Roman provincial ruler of Achaia refused to get involved. Acts 18:12-17

GALLOWS -- By hanging, a structure used for executing people. He had it prepared for Mordecai but the wicked Haman was hanged on it. Esther 5:14 ; 7:10

GAMALIEL -- Grandson of Hillel, son of Simeon, a Pharisee, he became a member of the Sanhedrin, renowned teacher , doctor of Jewish law and Paul was one of his pupil. (Acts 22:3) Gamaliel made a speech on behalf of Peter and the Apostles before the Council at Jerusalem He was a tolerant, wise and humane man. Acts 5:34 ; 22:3 He was a member of the Jewish Sanhedrin and advised against persecution of the Apostels and the early church

GARDEN -- Generally outside the walls of a city a fenced plot generally where fruit trees or vegetables were grown. The Garden of Eden is the most famous garden in the Bible. Gen 2:8-10

GARLAND (WREATH) -- Worn on the head a ceremonial wreath woven from leaves or flowers. Acts 14:13

GARLICK (GARLIC) -- Used to flavor food a herb or vegetable similar to the onion. After leaving Egypt the Hebrews longed for this vegetable Num 11:5

GARRISON -- A unit or company of soldiers stationed in a military fortified post I Sam 13:3-4

GASHMU -- After the exile under Nehemiah an influential Samaritan leader who opposed the Jewish people while they were rebuilding Jerusalem's walls. Neh 6:6

GATE -- An opening, door, or entrance particularly the strong gate in the walls of the fortified city. Judg 16:3 Symbolically of salvation Matt 7:13 and heaven Rev 21:25

GATE KEEPER -- A person who is responsible for guarding the gate in a walled city I Chron 9:19

GATH -- Royal Philistine city that was home of the giant Goliath I Sam 17:4 and captured by David I Chron 18:1

GATH-HEPHER/GITTAH-HEPHER -- Home of the prophet Jonah a city in the territory of Zebulun II Kings 14:25 Gittah-hepher Josh 19:13

GAZA/AZZAH -- Samson was killed in this Philistine city when he destroyed the temple of their pagan god Dagon Judg 16:21-30 Azzah Jer 25:20

GEBAL -- Near the city of Tyre an ancient seaport town or the Phoenicians. Exek 27:9

GEDALIAH -- Was a friend of the Jeremiah the prophet Jer 39:14 ; 40:5-6 In 587 B.C. after the fall of Jerusalem to the Babylonians Gedaliah was made supervisor of the vine-dressers left in the land II Kings 25:22-25

GEHAZI -- Because of his dishonesty and greed this servant of the prophet Elisha was struck with leprosy II King 5

GENEALOGY -- A record of the descendants or a family or a person I Chron 5:1-5 They documented inheritance rights and the right of succession as a clan leader, king or high priest is why they were so important to the Jewish people.

GENERAL, EPISTLES -- They were name so because of being addressed to broad general problems rather than to local, specific issues. They were the epistles of Hebrews: James: 1st and 2nd Peter, 1st & 2nd & 3rd John and Jude.

GENERATION -- A stage or single step in the line of descent from one's ancestors to another. Gen 5:1 ; Matt 24:34 Also used in a more general sense to designate a age or period. Gen 7:1

GENESIS, BOOK OF -- Often referred to as the book of beginnings, The first book of the Old Testament, it tells the accounts of the early history of the Hebrew people and the world's creation.

GENTILE -- Any race except the Jewish race. The Jews looked down on other races as unclean and barbarous Jer 9:26 This was abolished by Jesus threw His atoning death and His acceptance of all people through faith and repentance. Gal 3:28

GERAH -- Equal to one-twentieth of a shekel, a coin of small valve. Lev 27:25

GERAR -- Abraham was reprimanded by Abimelech for lying about Sarah's, his wife, identity in this ancient city of southern Canaan or Philistia Gen 20:1-18

GERIZIM, MOUNT -- When the Hebrew people entered the land in central Canaan a mountain where Joshua pronounced God's blessings for keeping God's laws. Deut 11:29 ; 27:4-26

GESHEM -- Under Nehemiah after the Exile an Arabian who opposed the rebuilding of Jerusalem's walls Neh 2:19 ; 6:2

GETHSEMANE -- Gethsemand means "oil press" possibly a grove of olive trees. On the night before He was betrayed and arrested where Jesus prayed in great agony of soul a garden near the Mount of Olives outside of Jerusalem. Mark 14: 32-46

GEUEL -- Representing the tribe of Gad One of the twelve spies who scouted the land of Canaan Num 13:15

GEZER/GAZER --Captured by Joshus a Canaanite city Josh 10:33 Later assigned to the Levites Josh 21:21 and then it was turned into a military center I Kings 9:15-19 Gazer: II Sam 5:25 ; I Chron 14:16

GHOST (SPIRIT) An old English word for spirit Matt 27:50 ; 28:19

GIANTS -- Such as the Philistine Goliath people of unusually large size II Sam 21:22 Anakims are the races of giants mentioned in the bible. Deut 2:11 Emims Deut 2:10 Rephaims Gen 14:5 and Zamzummins Deut 2:20

GIBBETHON -- Inhabitants of Gibeon Captured by Joshua and assigned to the Levites a Canaanite town . Josh 21:23

GIBEAH/GIBEATH -- Capital of his kingdom and the native city of King Saul I Sam 14:16 ; 15:34 The Israelites destroyed it during the period of the Judges Judg 20:20-40 Gibeath : Josh 18:28

GIBEON -- To avoid the fate of Jericho and Ai these inhabitants of this royal Canaanite city surrendered it to Joshua Joah 9:6-15

GIBEONITES -- The people of Gibeon after their surrender to Joshua were made slaves Josh 9:21

GIDEON/GEDEON/JERUBBAAL -- An angel of the Lord appeared to Gideon and told him to free God's people, Israel was oppressed and had been under the domination of the Midianites for seven years. His first act was in the town, Ophrah, where he lived, and it was to destroy the altar to Baal. His entire force was only three hundred men and he gave them each a horn, an earthen jar, and a torch. When the men received the signal they were to blow the horns, break the jars and flash the light of the torches. The Midianites' army fled with Gideon following and after crossing the Jordan overtook them and destroyed them. Gideon became Israel's fifth judge and severed for forty years He refused to become their king. Joash was his father. Judges 6:1 -- 8:35

GIER EAGLE (OSPREY CARRION VULTURE) -- Considered unclean by the Hebrews becasue they were Birds of prey Lev 11:18

GIHON (1.)

Associated with Ethiopia, one of the four rivers of the Garden of Eden Gen 2:13 Either the Nile or the
Ganges some scholars believe.

(2.) Near Jerusalem a place where Solomon was anointed and then proclaimed king I Kings 1:33

GILBOA, MOUNT -- In the territory of Issachar a mountain range where King Saul died after his defeat by the Philistines I Chron 10:1-8

GILEAD (1.) Gideon divided his army, battle against the Midianites on this hill or mountain over looking the plain
of Jezreel Judg 7:1-7
  (2.) East of the Jordan River a fertile, flat tableland Judg 20:1 Also known as the region of Perea in the
New Testament times.

GILGAL -- This site is where the Hebrew people erected memorial stones to commemorate God's faithfulness in leading them into the Promised Land. It is between the Jordan River and the city of Jericho . Josh 4:19-20 Served as Joshua's headquarters during his campaign against the Canaanites Josh 6:11-14 ; 10:1-43 Also where Saul was crowned as Israel's first king in later years I Sam 11:15

GIMEL -- Used as a heading over Ps 119:17-24 The third letter of the Hebrew alphabet.

GIRDLE (BELT) -- Made of leather or cloth a sash or belt worn by men and women to hold their outer garments. II Kings 1:8

GIRGASITES/GIRGASHITES -- Descendants of Canaan members of an ancient tribe Gen 10:15-16 They inhabited part of the land of Canaan before the Hebrew people arrived. Girgashites Deut 7:1

GITTITES -- Inhabitants of Gath, a Philistine city Josh 13:3

GITTITH -- Associated with the city of Gath a tune or musical instrument. In the titles of Ps 8 , 81 and 84 the word is used.

GLASS -- Used to make vases, ornaments and utensils from a clear liquid mineral. In John vision the "Sea of glass" probably represented God's holiness or purity. Rev 4:6

GLEANING -- It was a courtesy offered to the needy the gathering of grain left behind by the reapers. Lev 19:9-10 In the fields of Boaz Ruth gleaned. Ruth 2:2-23

GLEDE (RED KITE) -- Possibility the hawk or kite a bird of pray Deut 14:13

GLORY -- Perfection, splendor or honor. The "glory of the Lord" signifies the supreme perfection of God's nature Exod 16:7

GLUTTONY -- When someone drinks or eats in excess. a sin against whihc believrs are warned Prov 23:1-8, 21

GNAT -- Considered a great peast in the marshlands of Palestine and Egypt a small, stinging insect Matt 23:24

GNOSTICISM -- In the New Testament times a heretical movement which taught that salvation came through superior knowledge. Ti was probably what Paul condemned when he decared taht true knowledge comes from God and does not consist of idle speculation while it is not mentioned by name in the New Testament. Col. 2:8-23

GOAD -- A sharp, pointed rod or stick used in guiding oxen. Against the Philistines Shamgar used a goad as a weapon. Judg 3:31

GOAT -- A domesticated animal used in religious sacrifices Exod 12:5 clothing Num 31:20 and food Gen 27:9

GOB -- The Hebrews fought the Philistines on this place on the plain of Gezer. II Sam 21:18-19

GOD -- Ruler and creator of the universe Isa 40:28-31 God the Father, God the Son , and God the Spirit with God being the first person of the triune Matt 28:19 ; II Cor 13:14 God reveals Himself through His Son, The Spirit, natural world, and the Bible. Col 1:19 God is infinite in character and being: perfect in holiness Lev 11:44 all powerful Rev 19:6 and infinite in truth Titus 1:2, wisdom Col 2:2-3 and mercy Ps 136 God is the Alpha and the Omega or the Beginning and the End.

GODDESS -- A female idol or deity. In the pagan cultures of Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, Rome, and Canaan Goddesses were prominent in the pagan cultures. In Canaanite mythology Ashtaroth was the wife of Baal I Kings 11:33 At Ephesus (Artemis) or Diana was worshiped in the great temple. Acts 19:24-28

GODLINESS -- Comes from devotion to God Holy living and righteous behavior. It also leads to love for others I Thess 4:7-9

GOG, PRINCE OF MAGOG -- Enemies of the Israelites the leader of a tribal people who was condemned by the prophet Ezekiel Ezek 38:2 ; 39:1 In Revelation, Magog and Gog represent the forces of evil which oppose God and His people Rev 20:8

GOLAN -- One of the six cities of refuge in the territory of Manasseh Deut 4:43

GOLD -- Used to make coins, jewelry, and utensils from this precious mineral. Extensively used in Solomon's temple I Kings 7:48-50 The splendor of the heavenly city, or New Jerusalem was symbolized by Gold. Rev 21:18

GOLIATH - The Philistine was called a giant of Gath because he was almost ten feet tall. Some one so tall he terrified the armies of Israel. The young David using a slingshot and one pebble slain him single-handed. (with the help of God)( we think of a pebble as a small rock the size of you thumb, but if the pebble was the size of the hand and it struck him in the temple,)(This was the weapon he used to defend his sheep) I Samuel 17, 21 , 22.

GOMER -- The prophet Hosea's unfaithful wife. Gomer was sold into slavery after her unfaithfulness and left Hosea. At God's command Hosea restored her as his wife. God's unconditional love for His wayward people is represented by Hosea forgiveness of Gomer. Hos 1:3

GOMORRAH/GOMORRHA -- Because of the wickedness and sin of its inhabitants a city destroyed by God with fire and earthquake that is near the Dead Sea. Gen 19:23-29

GOODMAN (LANDOWNER) -- A word used for the master of the house, head of the house and head of a household. Matt 20:11

GOODNESS -- Righteousness and purity. Spirit fruit which should characterize followers of Christ Gal 5:22 True goodness comes from God, who is loving, merciful, righteous and holy. Ps 31:19 ; Rom 15:14

GOPHER WOOD (CYPRESS) -- Probably express used in building Noah's ark. Gen 6:14

GOSHEN (1.) During their years in Egypt an Egyptian district where the Israelites settled and lived Gen 45:10
  (2.) A city and region in southern Judah Josh 10:41

GOSPEL -- Called the "good news" For all people through the atoning death of His Son God has provided salvation Mark 1:1-15 It also refers to the word of the teaching of Jesus and the apostles Col 1:5

GOSPELS, FOUR -- Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John the four books at the beginning of the New Testament which describes the life and ministry of Jesus

GOSSIP -- Fruitless tales, rumors, or idle talk. This speech is associated with the troublemakers and wicked. Prov 16:28 ; I Tim 5:13

GOURD -- Produces fruit similar to the common melon, a poisonous plant, II Kings 4:39 In Jon 4:6-10 Jonah sat under the shade of a guard vine.

GOVERNMENT -- A system of authority and power through which order and stability are maintained in society Governments. Governments should by followed or supported by Christians, as long as they do not intrude into the role which belongs to God alone. Mark 12:13-17 GOVERNOR (RULER) -- A general term that is used for officials of differing rank or status or ruler. I Kings 10:15 In the Roman province a Chief in command was called a governor Matt 27:2 ; Acts 23:24

GOVERNOR (RULER). Officials or ruler of differing rank or status; ( I Kings 10:15) The person or chief in command of a Roman provine was called a governor (Matt 27:2 ; Acts 23:24) The titile Governor was applied to Christ (Matt 2:6)

GOZAN -- A river of Mesopotamia, town, or district to which the people of the Northern Kingdom were deported after Samaria fell to the Assyrians II Kings 18:11

GRACE -- Through the exercise of their faith in Jesus Christ God's unmerited favor and love which leads Him to grant salvation to believers Titus 2:11 ; Acts 15:11 Salvation is a gift of God's grace it can not be earned Eph 2:8

GRAPE -- Used for food and wine-making it was a fruit off a vine. One of the most important agricultural crops of Palestine, (due to lack of water) Num 13:23

GRASS -- A word that is used for various types of common plants, which the livestock lived on or eat. It is also used symbolically of the brevity of life Ps 90:5-6

GRASSHOPPER -- Of the locust species an insect that destroyed vegetation, It was also eaten by the Hebrews as food Lev 11:22 It was also the symbol of insignificance Isa 40:22

GRAVE -- Burial place for the dead. In Bible times bodies were buried in sepulchers hewn in rocks Matt 27:60, Caves Gen 25:9 and pits Gen 35:8

GRAVEN IMAGE (IDOL) -- Made from wood or stone an image of a false god and set up in a prominent place as an object of worship Exod 20:4 God's people were warned by the prophets against idolatry Isa 44:9-10 ; Hos 11:2

GRAVING TOOL -- Aaron used this to shape the golden calf, an instrument or tool used for carving or engraving. Exod 32:4

GREAT OWL -- Considered unclean by the Hebrews a species of an owl Deut 14:16

GREAVES -- Covering the area from the knees to the ankles Armor for protecting the legs. I Sam 17:6

GREEC/JAVAN -- An ancient world power which was at their greatest strength about the time period that was between the testaments. 400 B.C. to AD 1 Javan was the word for Greece in the Old Testament. Gen 10:2

GREED -- Excessive desire for material things Disappointment and destruction is what the Bible warns us about Greed. Luke 22:3-6 ; I Tim 6:9

GREEKS (GRECIAN JEWS, HELLENISTS) -- People of Greek heritage or descent or natives of Greece. The New Testament often used the term for people who were not Jews but who was influenced by Geek traditions. John 12:20 Grecians is a word used of Greek-speaking Jews. Acts 6:1

GREYHOUND (STRUTTING ROOSTER) -- An animal used or cited as an example of gracefulness. Prov 30:31

GROVE -- It represented the Canaanite fertility goddess a wooden pole II Kings 21:7

GUARD -- A soldier who provided personal protection for a ruler, or a bodyguard II Chron 12:11

GUILE (DECEIT) -- Deception, cunning or craftiness Ps 55:11 Nathanael was called by Jesus as an Israelite without guile, a model of truthfulness and honesty. John 1:47

GUILT -- Remorse for wrongdoing and sin Lev 6:4 The sacrificial death of Christ covers the guilt of sin for believers Rom 5:1-2

GUTTER (WATERING TROUGH) -- A drinking trough for animals Gen 30:38